socio-economic assessment of small ruminant disease in Kenya

  • 188 Pages
  • 0.16 MB
  • English
Cattle -- Economic aspects -- Kenya., Cattle -- Social aspects -- Kenya., Veterinary medicine -- K
Statementby Danna L. Mortimer.
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 188 leaves, bound :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16550050M

1 Policy Brief Articulating the Pathways of the Socio-Economic Impact of the Coronavirus (COVID) Pandemic on the Kenyan Economy1 Summary - This policy brief assesses the possible vulnerabilities and impacts on Kenya of the COVID pandemic.

Although it is too early to predict the socio-economic impact of the COVID pandemic on the Kenyan econ0my. D.L. MortimerA socioeconomic assessment of small ruminant disease in Kenya M.A. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Washington State Author: D.L.

Moore, R.J. Folwell, A.J. DeBoer, J. Bari, S. Mbweria. Small ruminant production systems in Kenya are briefly described. The types of study reporting small ruminant mortality rates, and the large range of values found, are documented and discussed.

It was noted that reports from arid and semiarid areas greatly outweigh the number of reports from higher rainfall areas and that more data on mortality before weaning than at any other age are by: Peste des petit ruminants [PPR] is an acute or sub-acute febrile, highly contagious and often fatal disease of sheep, goats and wild small ruminants.

The disease is characterized by fever, erosive. Assessment and economic evaluation of small ruminant reproduction efficiency, challenges and mitigation strategies in Kajiado, Kenya study if climate change factors (such as large mobility of animals, poor access to water or fresh pastures or conflicts), socio-economic factors, type of advice channels used by pastoralists, presence of.

Peste des petit ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious, infectious and often fatal disease of sheep, goats and small wild ruminants.

In Kenya PPR was first suspected in and confirmed in. The objectives of this study are to assess the role of small ruminants (sheep and goats) in the food production systems of developing countries, examine their advantages and disadvantages, analyze the constraints limiting their further contribution to the welfare of small farm/low income rural producers, prescribe measures for overcoming these.

dealing with management systems and diseases of small-ruminants in the sub-Saharan region.

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The authors are very grateful to the immeasurable efforts of many scientists who have devoted much of their time in documenting the management systems and diseases of small ruminants with particular reference to those occurring in the sub-Saharan region.

Small ruminant productivity in the central Ethiopian mixed th farming systems. Proceedings of the 4 NLIC, 13–15 November Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. –   Tick-borne pathogens in small ruminants.

The etiologic agent of ovine anaplasmosis in most cases is Anaplasma ovis. The disease is related to hemolytic anemia in goats and sheep.

ovis is transmitted biologically by ticks of the species Rhipicephalus bursa, Dermacentor silvarum, D. marginatus, D. andersoni and Haemaphysalis sulcata. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease of sheep and goats with high mortality.

The disease is of considerable economic importance in countries such as Tanzania, where small ruminant products are important for sustainable livelihoods. This review assesses current knowledge regarding the epidemiology of PPRV in Tanzania, highlighting the challenges with respect.

Integrating socio-economic attributes of rural communities in small ruminant improvement programs in sub-Saharan Africa. Presented at the IDF, World Dairy Summit, Istanbul, Turkey, September The UN’s Framework for the Immediate Socio-Economic Response to the COVID 19 Crisis warns that “The COVID pandemic is far more than a health crisis: it is affecting societies and econ­omies at their core.

While the impact of the pandemic will vary from country to country, it will most likely increase poverty and inequalities at a global scale, making achievement of SDGs even more urgent. PPR is a threat to small ruminant production and is ranked by pastoral communities among the top 10 diseases of small ruminants (Diallo ).

The economic losses of PPR outbreaks in Kenya during and outbreaks were generally estimated to have been over US$ 15 million (Nyamweya et al. This study aims to provide estimates of direct economic losses to Turkana pastoralists during. Beef Cattle milk Small ruminants meat Small ruminants milk Pork Chicken meat Chicken eggs Kg CO 2 - protein-1 90% of production 50% of production Average This reflects different agro-ecological conditions, farming practices and supply chains management.

It is within this gap between high and low emission intensities. Challenges and research needs on socio‐economic assessment of RVF impact. The main objective in assessing the economic impact of RVF disease is to provide data for decision‐makers to assess and improve the efficiency of different surveillance and control strategies (Tambi et al.,; Howe et al., ).

Common Diseases and Health Problems in Sheep and Goats Lynn Pezzanite, Animal Sciences Student, Purdue University Dr. Michael Neary, Extension Small Ruminant Specialist, Purdue University Terry Hutchens, Extension Goat Specialist, Univ. of Kentucky Dr.

Patty Scharko, Extension Veterinarian, University of Kentucky Purdue extension Animal. The COVID pandemic has now spread to over countries, including several countries in sub-Saharan Africa.1 Kenya reported its first COVID case on 13 March By 31 March the number of confirmed cases had risen to 59, with over 70 per cent of infections in Nairobi.

As at 22 Aprilthe number had quintupled to —the highest so far among the East African Community (EAC) member. We demonstrate the existence of a household socio-economic gradient within a rural farming community in Kenya which impacts upon individual infectious disease risk.

Structural adjustments that seek to reduce poverty, and therefore the socio-economic inequalities that exist in this community, would be expected to substantially reduce overall. The loss due to mortality alone is not reported. In a review of the economic impact of small ruminant diseases in Nigeria, Akerejola et al.

estimate losses of 30–60 million Naira per annum due to PPR mortality (approximately US$48–96 million, or US$– per animal in Nigeria). Small ruminant disease was the major constraint in Kofele, where marshy areas are increasingly assigned for grazing in the rainy season as suitable land is more and more used for cropping.

The growing demand for meat from small ruminants, the improving transportation infrastructure and the experience of farmers in small ruminant keeping are.

Increasing temperatures and sea levels, changing precipitation patterns and more extreme weather are threatening human health and safety, food and water security and socio-economic development in. Background.

Description socio-economic assessment of small ruminant disease in Kenya FB2

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious viral disease of small ruminants. Serum samples from sheep (n = ) and goats (n = ) of all ages were collected in a cross-sectional study in Turkana County, objective was to estimate the sero-prevalence of PPR virus (PPRV) infection and associated risk factors in both species.

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), responsible for peste des petits ruminants (PPR), is widely circulating in Africa and Asia. The disease is a huge burden for the economy and development of the affected countries.

In Eastern Africa, the disease is considered endemic. Because of the geographic proximity and existing trade between eastern African countries and the Comoros. the Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Mali, and Uganda all report to OIE that PPR is an endemic disease.

Other countries that the OIE identifies as having “disease presence” in 2 Diallo A, et al. “The threat of peste des petits ruminants: progress in vaccine development for disease control.” Vaccine.

– Small ruminants are the critical source of livelihood for rural people to the development of sustainable and environmentally sound production systems. They provided a source of meat, milk, skin, and fiber. The several contributions of small ruminants to the economy of millions of rural people are however being challenged by extreme heat stress difficulties.

The most challenging types of information product to make open are journal articles and books/chapters published externally. Normally: Authors can choose to publish in an open access journal (which require the author to pay an "article processing charge").

However, vaccination levels are typically low in cattle and negligible in small ruminants in most (but not all) of these countries. Impact relates to the level of disease.

Unfortunately the proportion of sero‐positive animals that show clinical disease is rarely reported and remains uncertain, varying with factors such as breed, age, maternal.

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These socio-economic roles and others are increasing in importance as the sector grows because of increasing human populations, incomes and urbanisation rates. To provide these benefits, the sector uses a significant amount of land, water, biomass and other resources and emits a considerable quantity of greenhouse gases.

Brucellosis is a debilitating zoonotic disease affecting humans and animals. A comprehensive, evidence-based assessment of literature and officially available data on animal and human brucellosis for Kenya are missing. The aim of the current review is to provide frequency estimates of brucellosis in humans, animals and risk factors for human infection, and help to understand the.

"In my opinion, foot and mouth disease is by far the most important socio-economic disease of livestock worldwide," said George Saperstein, a veterinary medicine professor at .Diseases of Small Ruminants in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Handbook.

Published 1 January It is an attempt to extend the accumulated knowledge of diseases of sheep and goats in sub-Saharan.(Socio-) Economic: With rising conventional feed pric-es and pressure on natural resources, insects appear to be part of a sustainable solution.

Though current in-sect prices are relatively high, proper investment and up-scaling can reduce these costs significantly [10],[20]. For many small-scale producers, rearing insects can offer.